Katz pa Agalu : A Commonsense Guide kuti Training ndi Living ndi Agalu

Ndi funso oyembekezera galu eni ayenera kuti choyamba, mwina nkulu mu moyo wamunthu aliyense ndi galu:

N'chifukwa?

Kwambiri yovuta zochita za moyo wathu ndi agalu ena amanena tisanayambe wina kunyumba. Kukhala ndi galu America ndi akumachitirana
yosavuta. Mukhoza trawl Intaneti, kupeza breeder, kapena mmodzi wa ana agalu ena mwana akupereka kunja kwa golosale (Ine sindikanati ndikulangizeni izo). Inu
akhoza kubwera kuwoloka yosokera pamene anatuluka kapena kuyendetsa. Anthu ena amayesa agalu kwa thanthwe zovuta othandiza zifukwa: chitetezo, kusaka, mankhwala, kufufuza ndi kupulumutsa. Koma ambirife, kunena akatswiri a maganizo ndi behaviorists, ndi zosavuta kumva maganizo ndi maganizo zolinga.

N'chifukwa chiyani ndikufuna galu?

The mavuto anthu kulumikiza wina ndi mnzake, m'pamenenso kwa agalu (ndi zina ziweto) kudzaza zina mipata. Tikuona kuti ayenera kukonda ndi kukondedwa m'njira wopepuka, koyera, ndi odalirika.

Contemporary America ndi, m'njira zambiri, ndi zosamveka, alibe anthu. Yathu achibale asamukira kutali; ife zambiri sindikudziwa anansi athu; ambiri a ife dzenje usiku, kuyang'ana pa mtundu umodzi wa nsalu kapena china. Kusudzulana n'kofala. Ntchito wakhala wosakhazikika, chosadziwika kwa anthu ambiri, Nthawi zambiri zosasangalatsa. Anthu ambiri sizivuta kukhala ndi kucheza ndi agalu kuposa wina ndi mnzake, ndi ubwenzi wa anthu ndi agalu kukwera moŵirikiza kwambiri.

Koma zimenezi mu ubwenzi wa awiriwa mitundu imodzi mbali. Ambiri agalu bwino anatumikira anthu’ kukulitsa ubwenzi, koma agalu sangakhoze kupanga zosankha zofanana. Ndi anthu kufunika amene spawned lalikulu canine mwacikondi.

Anthu anaganiza kuti abweretse agalu ku likulu la miyoyo yawo. Pakuti onse kumakangana za nyama ufulu, agalu alibe,. Iwo samazimvetsa kuti ogula zochita. Iwo amadalira ife zonse zofunika kuti tidzapulumuke. Iwo sangakhoze kukula; alibe wawo mapangidwe kapena zam'tsogolo.

Ngakhale agalu athandiza ndi ntchito ndi anthu kwa zaka zikwi, izo zimangokhala zaposachedwapa kuti mwafika kuonedwa ngati chinachake osati (mwina oposa) nyama. Pet kusunga chinali chofala pakati pa olemera ndi amphamvu taona m'nkhaniyi zina, anati nyama ethicist James Serpell m'buku Nyama ndi Human Society: Kusintha malingaliro, koma sanali kupeza ambiri olemekezeka mpaka kumapeto chiŵiri m'ma, nthawi ya kukula Changu sayansi ndi masoka mbiri ndi kuchuluka nkhawa zinyama’ umoyo. Kuyambira pamenepo, ubwenzi wathu ndi agalu zawonjezeka kwambiri. Anthufe Sanakhalepo kwambiri wina mitundu. Timathera makumi madola mabiliyoni pa mwawo, kudyetsa, ndipo lachisangalalo; kuwapatsa anthu mayina; kuyankhula kwa iwo ngati iwo akhoza kumvetsa ife; ndikukhulupirira ife tikudziwa zimene akutiuza pobwezera.

Izi emotionalism zambiri kukola agalu zosowa zathu ndipo amafuna. Ndi paliponse tsopano, Koma Zikanakhala ozunguza ngakhale m'badwo zapitazo, kumva anthu akunena popanda kupepesa kapena manyazi kuti azikonda agalu koposa m'mene anthu ambiri, kuti awo agalu monga achibale awo, kuti zakukhosi kwawo kwambiri mavuto ndi zinsinsi zawo agalu, amene ali okhulupirika ndi kumvetsa kuposa makolo, okwatirana, okonda, kapena mabwenzi. Kukhala masiku angapo mu owona zanyama ofesi monga mbali ya kafukufuku kwa buku, Ndinadabwa kuona kumva mkazi mmodzi osiyanasiyana Tisaiwale, “Taonani, Doctor, Ine ndi moyo popanda mwamuna wanga, koma inu muyenera kuti apulumutse izi galu!” Komabe vets kundiuza ine amva nthaŵi zonse.

Osati akazi. Khalidwe kafukufuku wasonyeza kuti akazi amakonda agalu n'chakuti ngati maganizo wothandiza koma ovuta, amatha kumvetsa eni mu kwambiri kuti wordless njira. Nthawiyi, anthu amakonda agalu chifukwa wangwiro pals, wosangalala kupita malo ndi kuchita zinthu, koma sangathe kugwira kapena kulamula kukambirana. Ngati kapena ayi, yathu agalu’ upbringings kuganizira zathu. Timakonda thanzi lathu agalu momwe ife ankapatsidwa, kapena njira Tikufunitsitsa 'D akhala. Mwanjira zonse, zathu pasts kwambiri kuumba maganizo za agalu ndi njira Timaphunzitsa ndi kulankhula nawo.

Izi kawirikawiri ndi kukomoka ndondomeko. Angapo eni akubweretsa zinthu kudziona kuzindikira awo canine ubale kapena kuganizira mabanja awo pamene iwo kulalatira awo agalu kuti abwere, kapena coo pa iwo ngati iwo anamvetsa. Pasukulu ina namwino ine ndikudziwa anamugwira iye galu ndi makutu usiku uliwonse pamene iye anabwera kunyumba, yelling, “Kodi mumandikonda? Ndine anu okoma amayi?” Iye anadabwa chifukwa galu anayesa kuthamangira kutali pa nezi.

Choncho zolinga kupeza galu zofunika, ngati muli nkhawa zake zabwino ndi kufuna ubwenzi wabwino. Kodi yankho lanu ndi chifukwa-a-galu funso kuti mosavuta kufuna kucheza kwa amadalira nyama kuposa munthu? Kodi mukufuna galu chifukwa subliminal mauthenga ochokera TV ndi mafilimu? Kodi kwambiri kukopeka posunga zolengedwa kuposa maphunziro ndi moyo nawo?

Kodi tiphunzitsa m'njira tinali analanga, kupempha pa kaperekedwe ka kumvera ndi ungwiro akufuna ife, kuwadzudzula mu mawu ndi mawu tinamva? Kodi ife reenacting akale banja masewero, kuyesera kuchiritsa siyana? Kodi ife moona mtima kuti ife kapena winawake pabanja pathu ndi wokonzeka kutenga maganizo udindo galu, osati kukoma koma kuphunzitsa ndi kusamalira izo?

Mkazi wina dzina lake Susan anandiuza ankafuna galu Iye ankaona ngati sangadziteteze mu gritty, ankapezabe m'dera mu Elizabeth, New Jersey. Choncho iye anakatenga English mastiff choncho waukulu kuti mwininyumba nthawi imeneyi iye akupatseni naye, kenako German m'busa wina dzina lake Bingu. Galuyo chiyani bwino kuteteza nyumba, cholusa chitseko alendo anabwera. Koma popeza Susan, amene ntchito New Jersey Transit wochititsa, chivomereza iye ndi osauka mphunzitsi ndi chidwi kwenikweni ntchito ndi galu, iye ali logwirana Bingu mu chapansi pamene anzanu kapena achibale kukaona. Iye 'S kunyumba kupeza ambiri zidutswa shredded makalata; galuyo m'pomveka amaona envulopu akubwera pakhomo kagawo monga anaukila. Iye 'm analinso m'malo zochepa chabe zitseko ndi mawindo osweka.

Mwa tsopano, Bingu akulemera mapaundi nainte ndi chimakakamiza Susan onse pa msewu pamene iye amusiyitse. Oyandikana ndi ana awo cha mantha, Koma iye sanayambe kwenikweni alumidwa kapena kuvulala aliyense. Galuyo sizikuwoneka aukali kwambiri chikumbumtima; Iye akuchita ntchito anali ganyu kuchita, kapolo wake mogwira. Koma Susan, amene ananena kuti amakonda Bingu, pozindikira kuti iye konse ankafunitsitsa galu zake zokha chifukwa. Iye mwina ayenera akhala kudziteteza N'zoona kapena kutchedwa chitetezo-Alamu kampani m'malo. “Kungakhale mtengo m'kupita kwa nthaŵi, ndi kosavuta.”

Kumvetsa zifukwa tikufuna galu chapakati kuti kusankha anthu, kuwaphunzitsa bwino, wamoyo nawo mosangalala. Tikamadziwa bwino za tokha, bwino timasankha mwachidziwikire kuti kwa mtundu.

Pamene mukuganiza za ilo, mukudziwira anthu ambiri amene amadandaula kuti agalu kwambiri yogwira kapena amangokhala, nayenso chidwi kuthamangitsa agologolo kapena maganizo kwambiri kwakuti pamene amatchedwa, kwambiri kuteteza nyumba kapena nonthreatening iwo kuthandiza kugwira chuma. Ngakhale galu kawirikawiri amatenga chala, nthawi si mwini anapanga Kalanga kapena zoipa ankaona kusankha. Choncho, galuyo wapanikizidwa kukhala china kuposa chimene iwo uli, pamene anthu ali ndi manja awo utumiki. Ndi lingaliro laling'ono ndi kafukufuku, moyo wa agalu ndi anthu kungakhale sizivuta ndipo ndimasangalala. Koma zitafuna ena kumvetsa wina wa kuwerenga maganizo ndi mtima, ena anaganiza za tikukhala mu miyoyo yathu komanso mmene agalu ikugwirizana. Jim, mlenje amene amakhala pafupi ndi ine ku New York, amasunga atatu beagles koposa kennel 360 masiku chaka. Iwo zitangomera ochepa mmawa maola asanu enawo masiku younikira masewera. Iwo kuwononga nthawi kuyembekezera, koma pamene nthawi ifika, iwo kuwombera kuchokera kennel ndi mu nkhalango. “Iwo ndi agalu,” anati Jim, amene alibe ngakhale dzina lake iwo.

Kodi mukufuna kukhala nazo? Ndinamufunsa kamodzi. “Akamachita ntchito ndichita,” anali Poyankha. Ndikuona reflexively chisoni agalu pamene ine galimoto ndi, makamaka pamene ine ndekha agalu’ pampered miyoyo, koma Jim wa agalu, pamene iwo mokweza, sitikukhala ngati mukudziwa iwo amakhala akusoŵa. Si onse agalu moyo mwanjira. Koma Jim a beagles amasonyeza zodabwitsa kusinthasintha agalu. Iwo apo kusaka, nyengo. Jim ali ndi mkazi ndi ana anayi amene iye odzipereka, ndipo iye ali otanganidwa ndi ntchito yomanga otsimikiza; iye sayenera agalu kukhala chizolowezi kapena confidants. Kamodzi patsiku, iye asanapite ku kennel ndi ndowa ya nyama ndi zakudya zotsala ndipo tosses zili mu kennel. Pa Khirisimasi, akuwonjezera chidebe cha masikono. Iwo onse akatemera, ndi kuwona owona zanyama ngati iwo akudwala. The beagles konse kulowa kwawo. Iye akulankhula za iwo monyadira ndi wokondedwa, koma iwo zipangizo, ngati kubowola kapena latsopano mfuti, osati pang'ono anthu, ngakhale kwenikweni ziweto mu chi m'lingaliro. Koma agalu ngati okhutira ndi thanzi. Jim amadziwa mosaphonyetsa chifukwa iye amafuna. Iwo kumvetsa yosavuta malamulo, popeza agalu alibe anthu kuzindikira Ndime ya nthawi, sindikudziwa utali kupita pakati otchedwa kusaka. Zingakhale mmene ambiri a ife mungafunire kuti agalu, koma momveka bwino za mitundu ya agalu iye amafuna ndi chifukwa zikuoneka kuti ntchito bwino aliyense wokhudzidwa.

Ndiye pali Andrea, wojambula amene akukhala pa makumi asanu eka famu Vermont. Osiyanasiyana ovuta zifukwa, iye adataya pa maganizo a anthu, ukwati, banja; m'malo, iye anafunafuna collie kupulumutsa gulu. Iye, Ifenso, anamvetsa ndendende chifukwa iye ankafuna galu, ndi mgwirizano iye anapanga yache ndi Zikuoneka kuti iwo onse osangalala.

“Ine sindinakhalepo ndi mwayi ubale, bola osati komabe,” Iye anati:. “Koma alira ine kupembedza mnzake. Ine zambiri zosangalatsa naye, ndipo amandilimbitsa kwambiri chitonthozo ndi chikondi. Ine ndikuyembekeza iye 'S mlatho wina ubwenzi, koma ngati si, Ine ndidzakhala bwino.”

Si kuti ine ndinene ndi choonadi sindingathe kwenikweni kusankha Andrea anapanga anzeru kapena chisankho. Koma iye ankaganiza za zolinga, mmene galu akhoza kukwanira mu moyo wake, ndipo iye anapanga chisankho ankaona.

“Chifukwa mwana wanga wakhala kupempha wina” ndi, mbali inayi, kawirikawiri akuganiza chifukwa tikhale ndi Pet. Ndi wamba Luther, koma agalu anagula monga Khirisimasi zodabwitsa kwa udzafunidwa ana amakhala nthawi yovuta ya izo. Malonjezo nazo anapanga ndi kuiwalika; chidwi ndi newcomer nsonga, ndiye wanes.

Nthawi. A khumi wazaka anansi anga anapempha golide retriever chaka chatha Khirisimasi ndi makolo ake anavomera, pa chikhalidwe kuti Jeremy kutenga udindo chifukwa. Mwina iwo anali kukhulupirira kuti iye akanati chifukwa iye anasonyeza kale ake kudzipereka ndi kudyetsa nsomba ndi kukonza kuchokera hamster osayenera.

Mulimonse, Jeremy amachita kusamalira Clancy. Iye akuyenda iye isanayambe kapena itatha sukulu, wakudya iye, maburashi iye, amusiyitse kuti maphunziro makalasi Loweruka lililonse. Tsiku lililonse ndikaweruka kusukulu, Jeremy ndi Clancy kuphunzitsa pamodzi. Galuyo waphunzira pamene amatchedwa, kukhala, khalani, kagone pa lamulo. Anthu akumidzi bwino 4-H mapulogalamu kudziwa mmene thanzi zingakhale ana kutenga udindo nyama. Anthu mwana- ndi galu lokonda ozungulira kumene ulamuliro zambiri zikuoneka kuti, ang'onoang'ono pabwalo, zikuluzikulu galuyo mukudziwa momwe zachilendo ndi. Pakuti Jeremy, kutenga galu zikuoneka ngati chinthu chenicheni; iye anasunga mawu, kapena makolo ake anatenga zachilendo sitepe ankaumirira kuti kulisunga. Mwanjira zonse, Ine anakumana ochepa ana ngati iye. Makolo, asamale: winawake m'banja ayenera kutenga udindo galu, ndipo ngati ana satero, Mayi kapena bambo ali kuti ndilowemo.

Nthawi zambiri makolo awo ana zinthu amaganiza zabwino iwo foni, makompyuta, agalu popanda kuganizira za mmene zinthu zimenezi ntchito kapena mankhwala pambuyo ogulidwa.

Ndiye n'chifukwa chiyani mukufuna galu?

Ngati yankho, Mbali, zimayamba chifukwa kuipidwa maganizo mbiri (monga Ndithu choncho nane), onetsetsani kuti mukumvetsa ndipo ganizirani zimene ndi mukupempha wa Pet. Ngakhale kuti chizolowezi anthropomorphizing agalu, iwo samamvetsa chomwe ife 'kukonzanso kuganiza ndipo sadzakhala kumvetsa mfundo zina zabwino maganizo maudindo nthawi zina afunseni kuti adzaze. Iwo sangakhoze ngakhale zinthu amiably wathu matanthauzo ngati si bwino osankhidwa, anasonyeza, ndi ophunzitsidwa. Popeza timayembekezera amakhala kwambiri wovulaza, timakhala mosavuta kukhumudwa kapena kukwiya. Pali yokulirapo umboni kuti ife kulenga vuto agalu biters, chewers, barkers, amanjenje akufunikira antidepressants. Izi zimachitika mwina chifukwa chakuti ambiri molakwika agalu pa zolakwika zina zolakwika zifukwa. Pali makhalidwe chigawo chimodzi kuti kutenga galu. Ngakhale kuti sangathe apamwamba-mlingo kalingaliridwe, agalu ndithu mtima. Iwo kubva ndi imfa, mantha ndi chikondi. Izi wawapatsa ndi nyama zina ena makhalidwe waukulu pakati pa anthu a chikumbumtima. Mwina iwo kukhala wofanana ndi ana, koma kutipangitsa kuganizira mmene timachitira iwo. Koma aliyense galu si aliyense. Sindikufuna likukula, ndale lotengeka Ganizo lililonse galu mofanana oyenera kupulumutsidwa, kuti onse agalu imapanga omwe awo kusinthasintha athu zochitika, munadzaza, litigious anthu chilengedwe. Ine sindikufuna kuti kukhala woona. Agalu ndi ferociously idiosyncratic, osiyanasiyana mwamphamvu malinga zimasokoneza, chibadwa, zinyalala zinachitikira, chithandizo, ndi chilengedwe. Ena genial ndi bata, zimaŵetedwa kwa makhalidwe, ndi ena achiwawa, zimaŵetedwa ndipo aphunzitsa kusaka kapena nkhondo. Ambiri a ife ndi maphunziro maluso kapena nthawi kusintha onse makhalidwe. Yolakwika kusankha galu ndikhoza kutsimikizira wovuta kwambiri kwa inu, banja lanu, ndi kwanuko; woyenerayo, N'zosangalatsa.

Ena agalu kuyesetsa, ena satero; ena mobisa bingu pamene ena ngakhale mwachiona; ena chidani anthu zipewa ndi ena kuwathamangitsa njinga. Inu simungakhoze nthawizonse mukudziwa izi oddities pasadakhale; cifukwa Zitatero mosamala.


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